What is the importance of Russia’s “nuclear, transport and underground resource paradise” Arctic region?

According to a 2008 study by USGS (United States Geological Survey), there are 90 billion barrels of oil, 48 trillion cubic meters of natural gas and 44 billion barrels of natural gas liquid in the region. In the language we can understand; these reserves are in Turkey about 330 years of oil consumption, while consumption of natural gas, enough to cover more than a thousand years.

The data show that the resources in the region correspond to 6 per cent of the world’s oil reserves, and the world natural gas reserve to approximately 25 per cent. I hear you asking which countries are in the region. In 1996, Russia, Iceland, USA, Canada, Denmark, Norway, Sweden and Finland established the Arctic Council, but the countries with direct rights in the region are Russia, Canada, Norway, the USA and Denmark.

Russia officially announced its Arctic policy in 2000, the USA in 2009, Norway in the 1990s, and Canada in 2009. Russia first applied to the UN in 2001 to expand the continental shelf in the Arctic but was rejected. Applied again in 2015. Approximately 80 per cent of the currently detected resources are located in the region of Russia.

On the other hand, with climate change, the melting of the glaciers has increased the accessibility to the region. Another importance of the region is world trade and shortening distances. So much so that while the shortest journey from Europe to East Asia is 21 thousand kilometres, this number falls to 12 thousand 800 kilometres on the route of the Arctic region. Almost half. It is also among the most controversial issues that some countries are using ice-breaking ships to smash glaciers and prepare routes for ships.

Russia’s largest military naval bases and massive nuclear missile stacks are located here. The Russian army plans to use the region with the shortest distance between the US and Russia to target the American continent during a possible nuclear war.

The US is not capable of dealing with Russia’s icebreaker fleet in the region. Russia is building not only icebreakers but also the world’s largest nuclear icebreakers for use in the region. In summary, the dominance in the region is in Russia and it seems to be like this for a long time.



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