One-child policy: The Chinese population is ageing.

Photo by Fred Moon on Unsplash

China, declared independence by Mao in 1949, had a population of 541 million. The average number of children in families increased to 4, and the population was predicted to explode in the future. The State Council, consisting of communist uncles, convened after the slogans “2 children are ideal, 3 more children”. Over the course of 10–15 years, it had an average of 2–3 children, but more was needed. According to the statistics, the desired target was 1 child for the inhabitants of the cities and 1.5 children for the villagers. In 1981, control of family planning tightened. Except for exceptions, in 2002, “one child” was stipulated throughout the country, including minorities. Because while the fertility of the Chinese was decreasing, that of the minorities was increasing.

In this process, girls were taken by abortion before they were born, with the idea that boys would be more “advantageous” than girls. This increased the number of men and reduced the population of women. This got out of hand, and the state took it in and banned gender tests. The difference between women and men is almost 35 million cases in China.

As of 2016, China gave up this policy altogether, allowing the second child. Still, this permit did not affect the population growth much. It is thought that one in four people in China will be elderly in 2050. According to population estimates, the population of the elderly will be around 360 million. Now, the Beijing government is expected to completely shelve the two-child policy.

There is an American documentary called “One Child Nation” about this policy. I recommend.