1 photo + 10 years = dead, deposed …

Libyan leader Moammar Kadafi, centre, gestures during a group picture with Arab and African leaders during the second Afro-Arab summit in Sirte, Libya, on Oct. 10, 2010

They used to be rulers of their African or Arab countries. Today they are dead, deposed or driven from their homelands.

This famous photo was taken 10 years ago today. Both now are quite popular, Egypt and Turkey, which was declared in the city mutual the red lines, in Libya, Gaddafi’s birthplace in the land.

The self-confidence given by the “sovereignty” they established in their country was reflected in the face of all their leaders. But after 5 months, nobody knew that the Arab Spring would begin.

▪️ He assumed the presidency of Tunisia in 1987 after his predecessor was deemed incompetent. In 2009, Ben Ali was re-elected for a fifth term. Each of his victories came with a majority that seemed impossibly huge. As discontent with his rule boiled over in 2011, Ben Ali announced that he would not seek another presidential term in 2014. But that overture came too late. He was forced to flee to Saudi Arabia that January. The following year, a Tunisian court sentenced him in absentia to life in prison for inciting violence and murder. A military court imposed an additional life term in 2013 for his violent suppression of demonstrations against him. In Tunisia, where the Arab Spring started, deposed leader Zeynel Abidin Ben Ali could not stand the protests and fled the country and died in Saudi Arabia in 2019.

▪️ Taking power in a coup in 1969, Gaddafi tried to resist the opposition and NATO forces led by France, but this resistance did not last long. About 9 months after the demonstrations in the country, he was brutally murdered by his own people but not before the International Criminal Court issued a warrant for his arrest on charges of crimes against humanity.

▪️ Ali Salih Abdullah, He ruled Yemen for more than three decades and conspired with Iranian-backed rebels to topple his successor. Though ousted during the “Arab Spring” protests, Saleh remained a powerful force in the country. On Monday, reports emerged that the 75-year-old had been killed as fighting raged between Houthi rebels in 2017, whom he once supported but recently turned against, and a Saudi Arabia-led coalition that backs the country’s globally recognized government.

▪️ The former army commander has been in power in Sudan since seizing control in a coup in 1989, as a long-running conflict was raging between the country’s north and south. When that conflict was settled in a 2005 deal, another erupted in Sudan’s western region of Darfur. The International Criminal Court has issued an international arrest warrant for 73-year-old Bashir, whom it accuses of perpetrating war crimes and crimes against humanity. The leader of Sudan, Omar al-Bashir, had preserved his rule for 30 years even in the Arab Spring. Until it was overthrown by a military coup last year.

▪️He became Egypt’s president in 1981 and ruled the country for almost 30 years until he was toppled in a wave of mass protests in February 2011. Charged with conspiring to kill more than 200 protesters who wanted to oust him, he was put on trial and in 2012but was released in 2017 after Sisi’s coup. Egyptian leader Hosni Mubarak resigned 18 days after the demonstrations. He also died earlier 2020.